"La Caña" belongs to the gypsy singing branch and is included in the "soleares/solea" family. It is a matrix singing, with a metric style of 12 times. La Caña can be considerated as a matrix singing trasncendent for the flamenco. Its melodic influence is unquestionable, not only in a lot if minor singings but also in ancient styles, frequently considered as original. Some prestigious opinions date the "soleas" and also the "siguiriya" before the "cañas". The "caña" use and cover all the registers of voice. It is very hard and difficult to sing and needs precision. You also have to express it with purity, having perfect knowledge of the style but also outstanding vocal faculties.
"Seguirya", it belongs to the gypsy singing branch and it is included in the "seguirya" family, a foundation singing, metric style of 12 times. At the beginning we called that style "playera". It is a flamenco "palo", tragic song, deep, dark and devastating, interpreted slowly. On of the most importants flamenco "palos". The lyrics of its "coplas" are tragic and reflect the pain in the human relationships, love and death. Composed by four verses, six syllables in the first, second and fourth, and eleven in the third. The second and the fourth rhyme in consonant or assonant. The structure is not strict, the most important element is the feeling not the shape and you can find Seguiriyas with another metric (7-7-11-7 and 8-5-11-6). Another shape can be 6-11-6, the first and the third rhyme and we repeat the second one.
"Seguirya", it belongs to the gypsy singing branch and it is included in the "seguirya" family, metric style of 12 times. The "Serrana" is a rural singing existing everywhere in Andalusia. It always lived in the vineyards of Jerez. After a time the "serrana" crossed the country and arrived in the cities.
"Soleares", it belongs to the gypsy singing branch and it is included in the "soleares" family, it is a foundation singing.
"Alegrias", it belongs to the gypsy singing branch and it is included in the "soleares/solea" family, dancing singings, metric style of 12 times. It is a festive flamenco singing included in the group of Songs from Cadiz (called "Cantiñas"). Its "copla" or verse usually has four octosyllable verses. Its melody incites to dance. Its rhythm is determined by the metric of the "solea" compas, but it is different of the solea because of its time is faster. It is a light, happy and sensual style, clearly a dancing ryhthm.
Tangos, this palo belongs to the gypsy singing branch and to the "tientos" family, typical singings to dance. This is a flamenco with "copla" "palo", containing three or four octosyllable lines. Considered like one of the basic styles of flamenco. We can find it under several modes: from Cadiz, Triana, Jerez or Malaga. All the theories are talking about its origin between Cadiz and Sevilla, nothing to do with the Argentinian tango. Possibly coming from old singings of the XIX. Century. Those singings experienced changes until they took the shape that we know today: a singing performed in 4/4 and in all the possible tonalities. The first singers were El Mellizo and Aurelio Sellés in Cadiz, Pastora Pavon and "el Titi" in Sevilla, Frijones and "el Mojama" in Jerez, and La Pirula, la Repompa and el Piyayo in Malaga.
"Tango del carnaval" or "Tango de Cadiz". Folk song performed by the Choirs during the Carnival. "Compás" or meter 4/4.
"Tientos", it belongs to the gypsy singing branch and it is included in the "tientos" family, dancing singing, included in the "tangos" group and binary style. In the area of classical music there is a composition called "Tiento" (singular) but it has nothing to do with the anterior definition. The "copla" contains three or four verses, octosyllables, and a refrain. Coming from the flamenco tango, even if the rhythm is slower, therefore we called it "tango tiento" primitivally.
Morisco party with music and "algazara". Subsequently, the typical party of the Andalusian gypsies. Today we use the "zambra granadina".
In the "cueva sdel Sacromonte" we will find three different dances: the "alboreá", the "cachucha" and the "mosca", symbols if the three moments of a gypsy wedding. This is an old dance.